Published Sep 11, 2018 at 11:27 AM | Updated at 5:38 PM EDT on Sep 11, 2018
The Great Galveston Storm that struck Texas in 1900 and killed an estimated 8,000 people remains the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, the U.S. has been hit with over 40 hurricanes that caused at least 25 deaths, according to the National Hurricane Center.
Disaster deaths tend to be placed in two categories, “direct” and “indirect.” For a hurricane, direct deaths include people who drown in a storm surge or flooding, are hit by flying debris or crushed in a wind-toppled building. Indirect deaths include heart attacks, house fires, electrocutions from downed power lines, car accidents and others fatalities that are less clearly tied to the elements.
While there is no national standard for how to count disaster-related deaths, the NHC says it only tallies direct deaths.
Here is a look at the National Hurricane Center's ranking of the deadliest storms to hit the U.S. since 1900: