The mayors of Boston and Somerville, Massachusetts, are speaking out as President Donald Trump's administration plans to deploy Customs and Border Patrol agents to "sanctuary" cities across the United States.
The deployment of the agents, including some with tactical training, to the interior of the country is unusual and represents another escalation in the confrontation between the Trump administration and the local jurisdictions that have set up roadblocks to immigration enforcement.
Acting Immigration and Customs Enforcement Director Matthew Albence said additional forces are needed because people without legal authorization to be in the country are being released from local jails in sanctuary cities and counties before his agents can take them into custody.
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Albence did not publicly disclose when or where agents would be deployed, but an anonymous official said they would include major sanctuary cities, listing Boston with other examples like New York, Chicago, Atlanta, Detroit and San Francisco.
"We will not cooperate," said Somerville Mayor Joseph Curtatone. "We're going to remain a sanctuary city, a welcoming community. We're going to inform all our residents of their rights."
ICE has to make "at large arrests" of immigrants who have been released, Albence said in a statement.
"This effort requires a significant amount of additional time and resources," Albence said. "When sanctuary cities release these criminals back to the street, it increases the occurrence of preventable crimes, and more importantly, preventable victims."
But Curtatone said the opposite has been true in his city.
"Somerville's crime is down more than 60% since we've been a sanctuary city in the late 80s," he said.
Boston's mayor also pointed to his city's safety.
"Boston is one of the safest cities in America, proving every day that it's possible to decrease crime while being a city that is welcoming to everyone," Mayor Marty Walsh said in a tweet. "What we need — and have needed for a long time — is a sound, rational national immigration policy rooted in both compassion and common sense. Never forget that at the root of this issue are human beings."
Immigrant advocates dismissed the deployment as a political move by President Donald Trump to excite anti-immigration elements among his supporters and intimidate communities that have adopted sanctuary policies to ensure people cooperate with local law enforcement regardless of whether they are in the country illegally or not.
"Deploying elite SWAT-like units to American cities is dangerous," said Naureen Shah of the American Civil Liberties Union. "This is about further militarizing streets."
Shah, senior advocacy and policy counsel for the ACLU, said she was concerned about use of the military-like Border Patrol Tactical Unit in a civilian setting.
"We could see CBP officers who aren't trained for interior immigration enforcement using excessive force, emboldening ICE agents to do the same and escalating situations," she said.
The deployment comes as the president and others in his administration look to increase pressure on a sanctuary city movement that has expanded since he took office.
More than 700 counties have now declined to continue holding people sought by ICE and more than 160 have prohibited officers from even asking people about their immigration status, according to the Immigrant Legal Resource Center.
Supporters of sanctuary policies say people will be less likely to report crime or to be a witness if they believe they could be deported for doing so. “Our relationships with our police and sheriff’s departments have become stronger because of these policies,” said Angelica Salas, executive director of the Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles.
Albence and others in the administration say sanctuary policies interfere with legitimate law enforcement efforts.
Rep. Bennie G. Thompson, chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, said moving agents from the border will weaken security there.
“It is truly alarming that President Trump is moving resources away from the border just to ratchet up his cruel immigration agenda, throw meat to his base, and inflict revenge on states that don’t do what he says,” said Thompson, a Mississippi Democrat.
The Justice Department this week filed one lawsuit against New Jersey for prohibiting state and local law enforcement from sharing information about inmates in the U.S. illegally and another Washington state’s King County over a policy that prohibits the Department of Homeland Security from using the King County International Airport-Boeing Field for deportation flights.
Last week, the Department of Homeland Security said it would bar New York residents from trusted traveler programs such as Global Entry because of state law that prohibits immigration agents from accessing motor vehicle records.
Trump has been trying since he took office to punish sanctuary cities. In 2017, Jeff Sessions, then attorney general, said such cities would not receive grant money unless they gave federal immigration authorities access to jails and provide advance notice when someone in the country illegally is about to be released from prison. A federal judge blocked the punishment from being enforced, and the cities got the money.